Thursday, May 5, 2016

Gary Burton & Joe Morello - Who's Gary Burton ? / Hank Garland - Subtle Swing

One of the two great vibraphonists to emerge in the 1960s (along with Bobby Hutcherson), Gary Burton's remarkable four-mallet technique (best displayed on an unaccompanied version of "No More Blues" from 1971) can make him sound like two or three players at once. He recorded in a wide variety of settings and always sounds distinctive. Self-taught on vibes, Burton made his recording debut with country guitarist Hank Garland when he was 17, started recording regularly for RCA in 1961, and toured with George Shearing's quintet in 1963. He gained some fame while with Stan Getz's piano-less quartet during 1964-1966, and then put together his own groups. In 1967, with guitarist Larry Coryell, he led one of the early "fusion" bands ; Coryell would later be succeeded by Sam Brown, Mick Goodrick, John Scofield, Jerry Hahn, and Pat Metheny. Burton recorded duet sets with Chick Corea (they also toured extensively), Ralph Towner, Steve Swallow, and Paul Bley, and collaborated on an album apiece with Stéphane Grappelli and Keith Jarrett. Among his sidemen in the late '70s and '80s were Makoto Ozone, Tiger Okoshi, and Tommy Smith. Very active as an educator at Berklee since joining its faculty in 1971, Burton (who teamed up with Eddie Daniels in the early '90s for an interesting Benny Goodman/Lionel Hampton tribute tour and recording) remained a prominent stylist. He recorded during different periods of his career extensively for RCA, Atlantic, ECM, GRP, and Concord, releasing Like Minds through the latter in 1998. Two years later, Libertango, his tribute to tango master Astor Piazzolla, arrived. The very personal composition For Hamp, Red, Bags, and Cal was issued in 2001 and in 2002 he explored classical music with the duet album Virtuosi, recorded with pianist Makoto Ozone. The year 2004 found Burton back on more familiar ground with the release of Generations, a bop-influenced album featuring a quartet of younger musicians. Burton paired with the same group for 2005's Next Generation. In 2009, Burton released Quartet Live featuring guitarist Pat Metheny and bassist Steve Swallow on Concord. In 2012, he released another duet recording with Corea entitled Hot House. In August of 2013, the vibraphonist released Guided Tour by the New Gary Burton Quartet on Mack Avenue Records. His new bandmates included drummer Antonio Sanchez, bassist Scott Colley, and guitarist Julian Lage.
Scott Yanow

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This edition presents the complete Gary Burton LP Who Is Gary Burton ? (RCA Victor LSP-2665), appearing here for the first time ever on CD. It showcases Burton in a septet format accompanied by such stars as Clark Terry, Phil Woods, Tommy Flanagan, and the Dave Brubeck Quartet's drummer, Joe Morello. The only five quintet tracks from Joe Morello's LP It's About Time, recorded the previous year and also featuring Burton and Woods, have been added here as a bonus. Also are include the complete original LP Subtle Swing (Sesac PM3901/3902), featuring Burton in a quintet format with the leader of the album, guitarist Hank Garland.

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Gary Burton
Who's Gary Burton ?
Hank Garland
Subtle Swing 


1 Storm (Swansen)  4:17
2 I've Just Seen Her (Strouse, Adams)  4:18
3 Ly Time Fly (Gibbs)  4:28
4 Conception (Shearing)  4:01
5 Get Away Blues (Swansen)  5:44
6 My Funny Valentine (Rodgers, Hart)  5:26
7 One Note (Byard)  4:52
8 Time After Time (Styne, Cahn)  3:54
9 Every Time (Martin, Blane)  2:52
10 Summertime (Gershwin, Gershwin, Heyward)  4:03
11 Mother Time (Woods)  4:04
12 Just in Time (Comden, Green, Styne)  4:10
13 What Am I To Do ? (Kinn)  2:37
14 Not For Me (Wynert)  2:42
15 You're Here Again (Keller)  3:22
16 Just For Tonight (Szpilzman)  2:06
17 Pop Goes The Weasel (trad. arr. Burton)  2:09
18 It's Love Of Course (Godfrey, Harris, Scott)  2:50
19 Unless You're in Love (O'Connell, Jr.)  3:07
20 Close Your Eyes (Olari, Nozyk)  2:12
21 Rainy Afternoon (Burton)  2:47
22 Call D. Law (Burton) 2:31


[# 1-7] Gary Burton - Who is Gary Burton (RCA/Victor LSP-2665)
Gary Burton - vb
Clark Terry - flghrn
Phil Woods - as
Chris Swansen - tb
Tommy Flanagan - p
John Neves - b
Joe Morello - dr
Recorded in New York City ; September 14 [# 1 & 7] ; & September 15 [# 2-6], 1962.
[# 8-12] Originally issued on the Joe Morello LP It's About Time (RCA Victor LSP2486)
Gary Burton - vb
Phil Woods - as & arr.
John Bunch - p
Gene Cherico - b
Joe Morello - dr
Recorded in Webster Hall and RCA Victor´s Studio A, New York City ; June 6 [# 8-9] ; & June 15 [# 10-12], 1961.
[# 13-22] Hank Garland - Subtle Swing (Sesac PM3901/02)
Gary Burton - vb
Hank Garland - g
William Pursell - p
Bob Moore - b
Murray Harman - dr
Recorded in Nashville, Tennessee ; August 23 [# 19], 29 [# 15-18 & 22] & 30 [# 13, 14, 20 & 21], 1960

Nothing upsets preconceived minds like someone who successfully crosses over to another genre after he has been thoroughly pigeonholed by experts in a previous one. Such was Hank Garland, Nashville's busiest country guitar picker who, with little warning, made a superb jazz album in mid-career and seemed headed for jazz stardom until an auto accident left him unable to perform. As a jazz performer, Garland had a fertile melodic and harmonic imagination and a sound that had apparently honed to the gospel of tone and attack according to Charlie Christian -- with some Les Paul mixed in and more than a touch of Bud Powell's influence as well. But even on his country records (check out Red Foley's sublime "Midnight" and "Hearts of Stone"), Garland's urbane jazz and blues sensibilities can be felt. Cowpens is a rural suburb of Spartanburg, SC, and while growing up there, Garland absorbed country music from Arthur "Guitar Boogie" Smith and Mother Maybelle Carter on the radio, eventually switching from banjo to guitar. He joined the Grand Ole Opry at 15 in 1945, signed with Decca in 1949 as a solo artist, and appeared on innumerable Nashville recording sessions while jamming privately in local clubs. In July 1960, Garland came forward as a jazz musician, organizing a combo that was scheduled to play the Newport Jazz Festival but found itself on the sidelines after riots closed the festival. The following year, Garland's jazz debut on record, Jazz Winds From a New Direction, astonished both jazz and country circles, and a follow-up album, The Unforgettable Guitar of Hank Garland, was issued. But in September 1961, a near fatal auto accident robbed Garland of a good deal of his coordination and memory. He eventually returned to playing, but never regained the renown of his early 60s heyday. Hank Garland passed away on December 27, 2004 at the age of 74.
Richard S. Ginell

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headman said...

Thanks for sharing these two excellent albums, Mel. I hope the sound is better than my current vinyl rips.

deGallo said...

Thank you for a great post. And even more....for using Zippy...Rapidshare was almost impossible and they have just raised their rates.

I just posted a Hank Garland at 'jazzy blues'...Nashville All Stars-After the Riot At Newport 1960 which is with Garland and Burton and predates the "Jazz Winds From A New Direction album. I think you will like it

jgaldabini said...

Thanks for posting this, Mel. Early Gary Burton is a favorite of mine.

Ghjuvan-Paulu said...

Thanks Mel :-)

AmyBRAINS said...

Great post, Melanchthon.
Many thanks for using Zippyshare.

danair said...

Great post Mel thanks very much.

Jazzsoulman said...

Thanks a lot for this gift

danielsmith77 said...

Looking forward to this one, thank you Mel.

Newlyner said...

A really great post. Many, many thanks. :-)

furnguy said...


theblueamos said...

Thank you very much for this jewel All the best from jerusalem

Blue Eyes said...

Excellent! Merci beaucoup M pour ces 2 LP (j'adore surtout l'ambiance de "Subtle Swing"!)

Tibau said...

Great.!! Great.!!

hcb said...

Worth mentioning the movie "Crazy" (2008), a biopic of Garland.

jose arboleda said...

Muchas gracias.

Francisco Henriques said...

Many thanks Mel!

adakun said...

Gracias Mel por dedicar tanto tiempo y esfuerzo.

egroj jazz said...


Helmut Knochen said...

Truly superb. Excellent selections!

duck said...

Mel, thanks yet again, Gary Burton is one of my favourites for ever.

Melanchthon said...

Jeronyme said...

Merci pour ce formidable blog !

lowgroove said...

Thanks so much, I'm really excited to listen to this new (to me) Hank Garland.

Fred Archtop said...

Thank you dear Mel !

Otis Foster said...

Thnx melanchthon.

Pedro del Castillo Alonso said...

Double thanks Mel

Bill said...

Thanks again, Mel!

Axel.T. said...

WOW! I can't wait to listen to all of these songs. Great players in this era.
Thanks a million for this post.